– If there is no higher order, then contracts and duties are void and useless because they’re only executed at the whim of man.
“We have obligations to mankind at large, which are not in consequence of any special voluntary pact. They arise from the relation of man to man, and the relation of man to God, which relations are not a matter of choice…” (31)
– “Obedience to the moral order” is the purpose of man and any philosopher who seeks to expand on that only wastes time and creates a division among men.
– If no higher order for morality, then man uses the shallow “reason”, “enlightenment”, and “pity” to guide him and justice/purpose are lost and with it knowledge and charity.
– Burke clung to the divine order, but wasn’t rendered through religion, but by the Divine – didn’t believe that religion was a mere construct to save man from anarchy
– A higher purpose drove his thinking of society
“Politics and morals, Burke saw, are deduced from belief or skepticism; men never really succeed in convincing themselves of the reality of things supernatural merely to sustain things natural.” (32)
– Burke’s faith is what lead him to express a reverence for the established order
– Every state has a divine inspiration and every creed is seeking to recognize a divine purpose
– Those that serve in government should aspire to reflect a higher being and should look to making wise and lasting decisions rather than seek shallow praise for something seen as good in the moment
– Burke’s faith was tied to ideas of man being honorable and aspiring to do good for society – to understand how reforms and decisions impact it
– Striving for man made equality is foolish given the divine order – are are all equal in our morality, decisions and ultimate judgement before God
– Sin is a very real thing that cannot be taken away and man perfected through “legislation or revolution”
– Burke sought for man to express faith in every part of society – to strive for a kingdom of God on earth
– Religion is far superior to any rationality and its laws