Burke believed that the State was a reflection of the moral state of the people and that God gave us the ability to His mind and will through man's years of learning and thinking.
Throughout his years, Edmund Burke generated a prolific library of writings that are foundational to Conservative thinking and kept England on course away from Revolution.
Burke's words established British conservatism in the face of sweeping revolutions in France and United States and was a model for statesman in those countries.
Conservatives seek to conserve the traditions and ideas man has learned to be good through the centuries. Radicals seek change for change's sake.
George Santayana had a rich depth of conservative ideas that identified and fought against the materialism of the modern world.
Paul Elmer More is thought of "as a critic of ideas, perhaps there has not been his peer in England or American since Coleridge". He fought the pragmatism of James, the naturalism of Dewey, the sentimentality of the socialists, and the presumption of those that forgot dualism.
Man is a creature with a dual nature: an individual spirit that longs for a sense of connection to their fellow man. Conservatives celebrate that individual spirit but also seek to nurture a voluntary community built around shared principles, experiences, and a sense of something greater than the individual. The Radical seeks to destroy these communities at every chance they get. When the individual is isolated they are ripe to be exploited by the Radical's siren call of "community" which is nothing more than a despotic state of misery.
The conservative is ultimately concerned with just what effect a new idea or policy will have on the societal order. Radicals are so insistent on change for the sake of change that they cannot comprehend what their ideas will ultimately do to the bonds that connect generation to generation.
Ben breaks down the current battle within the Republican Party's conservative wing between Classical Liberals and an ideological bent to conservatism that believes government is there to "do the common good" or "do justice".